Through the Governor the union government can impose its decision upon the state government and in this way the federal structure will be in jeopardy. Almost all Governors take active interests in the state administration and if any Governor takes active interest in the day- to-day management of administration, he does it within the boundary of constitutional provisions. Contrary to what happens with the Ministers, the Secretaries of State do not fall with the President if he ceases. Determination of the precise actions for the improvement of the systems of planning, direction and organization and for the rationalization and simplification of the procedures and working methods. 4. The Zilla Parishad-the highest stage of Panchayati Raj institutions —is under the supervision of the district magistrate. Other articles where Directorate of Administration is discussed: Central Intelligence Agency: Organization and responsibilities: The Directorate of Administration is responsible for the CIA’s finances and personnel matters. Since Independence) says: Federation has been adopted in particular ways to Indian conditions. The Governor must not interfere in the formation of government in a state and under no circumstances he can be a party to the formation of government in the state. The State Department also … A powerful and imaginative Chief Minister has ample opportunities to do development and constructive work and take decisions on crucial issues. (Before the formation of federation the independent states formed among themselves a confederation. Constitution; Parliament; State Legislature; Union/State Government; District Administration; Local Administration ; RTI & Grievances; Union/State Government. All decisions and policies of state administration are done by this body. Their functions are: They are consultation bodies generally composed of a technical secretary and several technicians who support the President, Vicepresident, Ministers, Secretaries of State, etc. The Department of Public Administration at Portland State University is dedicated to preparing individuals for ethical, competent and effective public service in a range of roles in policy, management and leadership. The resolution will remain in force for one year. (4) He has the power to reshuffle the council of ministers. In the islands of Menorca, Ibiza, Formentera, Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, La Palma, El Hierro and La Gomera, there will be an Insular Director of the General State Administration. Real Decreto 617/1997, de 25 de abril, de Subdelegados del Gobierno y Directores insulares de la Administración General del Estado. 7. He is called the “King of the secretariat”. This is a very important function of the Chief Secretary. It shall be the duty of the union to protect every state against external aggression and internal disturbance and to ensure that the government of every state is carried on in accordance with the provisions of this constitution. With respect to their functions, as indicated in Article 18 of Law 6/1997, the General Director will be in touch with the bureaucratic apparatus of the State, acting as a manager of a determined area. His word or direction was, without any protest, carried out by everyone of the district connected with the district administration. (6) During emergency the President can impose financial emergency. The main responsibilities of the Dept. If in the judgment of the Chief Minister a person happens to be efficient and able, that person is selected for this most crucial post. The above two articles have put enormous importance upon the Governor in regard to the administration of state. Administrative Deptt II.Heads of Deptt & III.District Offices and Subordinate Offices there to), Heads of Deptt plays a key role between the Administrative Deptt of Govt. A constitution is a basic law. If a state legislature passes for the abolition of the legislative council it shall be placed in the parliament. These powers shall be exercised by him either directly or through the officers subordinate to him. In the state administration there shall be a council of ministers and the functions of the council of ministers is to aid and advise the Governor in the exercise of his functions. Though the final decision is taken by the minister of the department or ministry the paperwork is done by the secretary. 356 is the cause of the President’s rule. These are settled by the Chief Secretary or under his aegis. That is why the term “Union” has been deliberately used. Let us quote him again “Like the British system itself, the Indian has developed in the direction of prime ministerial dominance, although both parliament and cabinet have become less significant in India than in Britain”. But the offices of all ministers work under the direction or supervision of the Chief Secretary. According to Art. 2. The non-Congress governments in states felt that they were receiving step-motherly behaviour from the Centre. The Directorate of Immigration (UDI) is the central executive administrative agency in the area of immigration and refugees in Norway. However, he heads all departments or ministries. are: To administer and monitor the activities / functions of all the above HODs /UDAs / Municipal Corporations / Municipalities and issue necessary directions and orders for better civic administration and sustainable urban … Union/State Government Governance & Administration. A secretariat is the nerve-centre of the state administration. (5) The Governor of a state shall have power to entrust certain state powers to the Government of India. THE SECRETARY IS HOLDING THE CHARGE OF FOLLOWING SECTIONS IN GENERAL ADMINISTRATION DEPARTMENT (1) Freedom Fighters Pension A&B Deals with the papers under SSS Pension Scheme, Kerala Freedom … Sikyong’s inclusion into the physical building of the US State Department sends an emphatic acknowledgement by the US Government of the Central Tibetan … (e) If any proposal for new expenditure is made, the secretariat scrutinises this proposal and sanctions fund for it. A minister may be a in charge of several departments or ministries. Other articles where Directorate of Operations is discussed: Central Intelligence Agency: Organization and responsibilities: The Directorate of Operations is responsible for spying (i.e., espionage, or the clandestine collection of intelligence) and special covert and often illegal operations, including subversion. The framers of the American Constitution was so much impressed by Locke’s thought and philosophy that they made all these as parts of constitutional principles. Moreover, in many states, there were non- Congress governments and this situation soured the Centre-state relations. The following are the departments that are normally found in almost all the Indian states: (4) Local Self-government — both urban & rural. The great fathers of the American Constitution made the separation of powers as the most important part of their constitution. Some of the very important functions are: (1) It is the duty of the CM to give directions to all ministries and to coordinate among all the ministries. It, to some extent, falls on the discretionary power of the Governor. The Chief Secretary discharges the following functions: 1. He is not a mere subordinate of a central bureau, who takes his colour from his chief and represents the political parties or the permanent officialism of the capital. This article has created a lot of criticism. Content Guidelines 2. Regarding administrative relations between the Centre and the states the Commission made certain recommendations. (3) There are certain taxes which are levied and collected by the union and distributed between the union and the states. The main controversy about this article is that if there is a difference of opinion between the Centre and the state, the former may invoke Art. If the Chief Minister heads a single-party government he is really powerful and is the real executive. (3) The secretariat is a body in which all the departments or ministries are represented. The holder must have a degree of competence and professional experience, and will be selected from career officials of the State, Autonomous Communities or Local entities, also demanding the title of Doctor, Licensee, Engineer, Architect or equivalent. All these make him the centre of enormous power and a real executive. Thus Directorate of Panchayats oversees the entire administration of the Village Panchayats, Block Development Offices, Offices of the Dy. Last week, providers across the state began administering initial doses of COVID-19 vaccine to high-risk health workers, and now, more than 30,000 doses of the Pfizer vaccine have been administered, the state said. The framers of the Constitution wanted a federal form of government for India. Directorate of Food & Drugs Administration Goa Recruitment 2020 free job alert for Nov 2020. Talking about the importance of district magistrate Sir William Wilson Hunter in 1892 said: “The district officers, whether known as Collector-Magistrate or as Deputy Commissioner is the responsible head of his jurisdiction: Upon his energy and personal character depends ultimately the efficiency of our Indian government. Particularly the Left Front government in West Bengal was very vocal about the step-motherly behaviour of the union government to this state. 5. 356 directly states that the President shall take action on the basis of the report. 355 and 356 and 356 added fuel to the fire. In a secretariat there are all the departments or ministries and these combinedly form the secretariat. The Consular Offices are the bodies of the General State Administration in charge of the exercise of consular functions and especially of providing assistance and protection to Spaniards abroad. Paul Brass has observed that India has a prime ministerial form of government. 7. Apart from these they had to keep in mind the socio-economic-political condition of India. The Left Front government, in clear terms, said that for better functioning of federal system and cordial relation between the Centre and the states the entire structure should be reviewed. (g) Supervises the general expenditure of the state. The fathers of Indian Constitution had before them the working of the unwritten constitution of United Kingdom and the written constitution of the USA. The result is India’s system of government does not fall exclusively on any of the two prominent categories. In the event that the President himself ceases, his ministers will leave the post together with him, something completely logical given that the bond of trust between the legislative branch and the executive branch occurs through the figure of the President of the Government, in this way, it is logical that if such a link is broken, all the components of the executive fall with him. But he is assisted by the head of the ministry who is an experienced bureaucrat. He, himself, cannot take any decision. Part XI of our constitution deals with the Relations between the Union and the States. We thus find that the decision of the Governor out of discretion is final and cannot be challenged. Administration department is backbone of an organization. In 1994-1996 he worked at the Directorate of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Belarus. the united states food and drug administration . The head of the department is known in Indian and state administrative system as directorate. 356 the following is the recommendation of the Commission. Offical website of Bihar Government, Bihar State Profile, History of Bihar, Bihar Demographics, Bihar Fairs Festivals, Bihar Soil and Climate, Bihar Population, Bihar Sex Ratio, Bihar Literacy Rate, Natural Resources of Bihar, Districts of Bihar, Educational Institutions of Bihar, Water Bodies Parks and Sanctuaries Economy Culture Tourism of Bihar, Music and Dance, Food of Bihar, Minister Information of Bihar, … However, in normal circumstances the CM happens to be the chief executive. A CM of strong personality manages to get a large share of funds from various heads of central finance department. What are the executive powers of a state government? Director of Panchayats and the Zilla Panchayats. Law 6/1997, about Organization and Functioning of the General State Administration states in article 9.1 the eventual character of the body, calling it a "higher body", as it does with the Ministers. 8. When the Constitution of America was framed, there was no written document of constitutional process before the great fathers of the constitution. The directorate performs the following functions. The Permanent Diplomatic Missions represent the Kingdom of Spain before one or more States with which it has established diplomatic relations. If the council of states has declared by a resolution supported by not less than two-thirds of the members present and voting that it is necessary or expedient in the national interest that parliament should make laws with respect to any matter enumerated in the State List specified in the resolution, it shall be lawful for parliament to make law for the whole or any part of the territory of India with respect to that matter while the resolution remains in force. 355: Duty of the Union to protect state against external aggression and internal disturbance. The Royal Decree on the structure of the Department may omit the first requirement because it is a Directorate-General whose exceptional characteristics require that the holder does not have the status of official of the State. In this way, they are the head of a certain sector of the administrative apparatus, and at the same time, they are the base element of an organ of political character, as it is the own Government. Within the district there are several government estates and the management of these estates falls upon him. In other words, the administrative relations have undoubtedly established the domination of union over the states. Since the creation of the office in 1834, its functions have evolved from the original supervision of the instruction of the administrative records to the contemporary headquarters of the general and instrumental services of the Department. He is in charge of the management of the State Administration in the territory of a certain Autonomous Community. In these respects the secretariat generally makes proposals and final decision is taken by the head of the department. The … (f) The secretariat has power to sanction expenditure without the approval of minister. Home » Trump Administration Works with State of California to Advance Next Steps For Cleanup At ETEC. The purpose of the decentralisation of planning is to ensure people’s participation in all sorts of development works. Naturally we can say that still the Governor, is the key person of the state administration and he can do many things regarding state administration—keeping himself within the four walls of the Constitution. Art. (7) Our Constitution also speaks about the coordination between the states. There shall be a council of ministers with the Chief Minister at the head to aid and advise the Governor in the exercise of his function, except in so far as he is by or under the Constitution required to exercise his functions or any of them in his discretion. They shall be Observatory Representations when Spain is not part of the organization to which they are accredited. One such criticism is that in India’s federal system there is a strong bias to the centre. ROLE OVERVIEW. The work of the Department is distributed among 39 Sections assigned with specific subjects. The NDE was created in 1986 to combat mass unemployment in Nigeria and has been operating a state office in Ekiti State since 1998. Regarding this second aspect, there is an immense variety of functions that the Minister plays in his role of head and director of the corresponding Ministerial Department. Britain has no written constitution —what we know as the British Constitution is the product of an evolutionary process of administration, some common laws, conventions, customs etc. (b) To furnish such information relating to the administration of the affairs of the state and proposals for legislation as the Governor may call for. Copyright 10. Report a Violation, The State Council of Ministers: it’s Power and Functions, The Discretionary Powers of the Governor of a State | India, Top 5 Constitutional Authorities of India. Establishment of the corresponding inspection programs for the services of the Ministry. The Ministers are the holders of a Ministry, being the hierarchically superior head of the branch in question. The materials for development are supplied through the district magistrate or collector. But if these duties fall within the Union territory shall be collected by the Union government. The official designation in line to the native reference is: In this form the state and central governments shall be both separate and independent. There was truth in many of these allegations. But the nature and extent of the real executive depend upon the nature of the state government and the personality of the Chief Minister. 2 of 1999 and the universal level, is governed by the 1951 UN Convention, the 1967 Protocol relating to the status of Refugees and the 1969 OAU Convention governing the specific aspects of Refugee problems in Africa. In the single-province Autonomous Communities, its powers are assumed by the Government Delegate. The Chief Minister shall furnish such information relating to the administration and proposals for legislation as the Governor may call for. Indian federation can be called a political solution to the problems that prevailed at the time of the transfer of power. DSI - General Directorate of State Hydraulic Works Government Administration Çankaya, Ankara 5,934 followers Established in the year 1947 under Directorate of Health Services and became an independent Directorate since 1982. 10. Also, it is in charge of the minting of currency through the Royal Mint as well as other competencies on fighting money laundering and financing of terrorism. Art. If the CM is a person of strong personality he is a powerful real executive. It says: No law made by the parliament shall be deemed to be invalid on the ground that it would have extraterritorial operation. The structure of the Peripheral Administration varies according to the Autonomous Communities, because in the majority of them there are Delegations and Sub-delegations with the exception of the single-province Autonomous Communities, that do not have Sub-delegations, since the competences of these are taken by the Delegations itself (the Autonomous Community of Madrid is a single-province autonomous community that due to its status of Capital of the Kingdom and his population size, has Delegations and Sub-delegations). The Panchayati Raj institutions (Gram Sabha, Gram Panchayat, Panchayat Samiti and Zilla Parishad) are playing crucial role in the field of development. The function of the council shall be to settle the disputes, enhance the scope of cooperation and coordination between the states and to make recommendations for better relations among the states. For the convenience of the reader I reproduce these two articles. It is now quite clear that the state legislatures do not enjoy exclusive authority or power to enact laws on concurrent list. There are also governments at local levels. But no serious attempt has been made in this regard. 263 provides that if it appears to the President that interests would be served better by the establishment of a council, then such a council can be established. They were also development officers. Taiwanese presidents and officials have visited other cities in the US, often as a “transit” or “layover.” … Some of these taxes are: Tax on the succession to property estate duty on property other than agricultural land, terminal taxes on goods or passengers, taxes on railway fares and freights, taxes on sale or purchase of newspapers. (5) Implementation of policies and to review the progress of implementation are regarded as function of the secretariat. At least he provides leadership. Viewed from this background the posts of the Governors are prize posts. Although the representatives elected by the people run the whole institution, since the district magistrate is the administrative head of the district he is largely responsible for the management of the Zilla Parishad. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=General_State_Administration&oldid=940962340, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Control of the effectiveness of the Ministry and its public bodies. (2) Again, if there is a proclamation of emergency the parliament shall have power to make laws on any subject included in the State List. In financial matters he is the real authority of the district and when his attention is drawn to irregularities he is constitutionally bound to take measures. The union government can take drastic action. (5) A very important function of the CM is to communicate the decisions of the council of ministers to the Governor. 245 states that the parliament may make laws for the whole or any part of the territory of India. The first Article runs India that is Bharat shall be the Union of States. Indian political system is the combination of both parliamentary and federal forms of government. Contact Directory of Rural Development and Panchayat Raj Department, Tamil Nadu. This is the exact nature of Indian political system. For example, education directorate, agriculture directorate. The real fact is that the council of ministers constitutes the main part of the state administration since the ministers are elected by the people and are responsible to the legislature as well as to the electorate. The grounds of geographical or natural diversities, religious or cultural differences 2016, the in. 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