Donnan was a Celtic saint martyred in about 617, and it’s said that his followers once built a church upon the island – although we’ve little evidence of that.Scottish legends say that the castle was founded by a mysterious warrior, blessed with the skills to talk to birds after drinking from a raven’s skull at birth (see ‘the legend’, below).More prosaically, a ca… Macrae-Gilstrap also established a war memorial dedicated to the men of the MacRae clan who died in the First World War. Malcolm Mac Ian Charrich was eventually persuaded by Hector to relinquish the castle, after which he was dismissed as constable and Christopher Macrae (Gillechriosd Mac Fionnlagh Mhic Rath) was appointed in his place in around 1511. The defensive structure had existed already in ancient times on the rocky island of volcanic origin, washed by the water from Lake Loch Duich.  However, the presence of a door on its eastern side is shown in 19th century photographs, indicating that it was built as the main entrance to the castle. Eilean Donan is part of the Kintail National Scenic Area, one of 40 in Scotland. The Duke of Ormonde led the main invasion fleet from Spain, while an advance party of 300 Spanish soldiers under George Keith, 10th Earl Marischal, arrived in Loch Duich in April 1719, and occupied Eilean Donan Castle. your own Pins on Pinterest. Through this period Eilean Donan is said to have been held by Duncan Macaulay for the Mackenzies, against the Earl and his allies. The tower, according to Petit's later drawing, was topped by crowstep gables, and surrounded by a walkway and bartizans (small turrets) at the corners.  Eventually, John compelled his uncle to relinquish his claim, and Hector agreed to hand over Eilean Donan.  During the 16th century, two buildings were added to the southern periphery of the enclosure. Above this were probably another two storeys, including a garret. The main tower has a flush parapet, with open rounds and In Elizabeth: The Golden Age Eilean Donan stood in for Fotheringhay Castle in England. The eastern and southern segments of this wall are largely obscured by later development, although the enclosure is assumed to have contained an area of around 3,000 square metres (32,000 square feet). Eilean Donan (Scottish Gaelic: Eilean Donnain) is a small tidal island where three sea lochs meet, Loch Duich, Loch Long and Loch Alsh, in the western Highlands of Scotland.A picturesque castle that frequently appears in photographs, film and television dominates the island, which lies about 1 kilometre (5 ⁄ 8 mi) from the village of Dornie. OPEN: Open Feb-late Oct, daily 10.00-18.00; late-Oct-Dec 10.00-16.00; last admission 60 mins before closing; check winter opening. This structure, 11.5 m (37 ft 9 in) across, contains a well at its lowest level, 5 m (16 ft) across and 10 m (33 ft) deep. Eilean Donan. During the action the MacDonalds were driven on to the Cailleach Rock at the eastern tip of Skye and Angus, son of MacDonald of Glengarry, was killed. She is a lovely lady and was very kind and helpful to us during our stay.  The remaining Spanish troops were defeated on 10 June at the Battle of Glen Shiel. Above on the first floor is the Banqueting Hall with an oak ceiling, and decorated with coats of arms and 15th-century style fireplace. 14th-century tower of three storeys and a gabled garret.  Kenneth's young son Murdo Mackenzie supposedly evaded the Earl's attempts to eliminate him, and on the return of David II from exile Murdo Mackenzie was allegedly confirmed in the lands of Kintail and Eilean Donan by a charter of 1362 (of which, however, no trace survives to the present day). The apparition of Lady Mary has been witnessed many times in one of the bedrooms in the castle. , James I, determined to pacify the Highlands, journeyed to Inverness in 1427 and invited the principal chiefs to meet him there. , After this time, the castle was briefly occupied by the Earl of Balcarres and his wife, who were in the Highlands in support of the Earl of Glencairn's royalist uprising, although Balcarres later disagreed with Glencairn and departed.  Archaeological excavations in 2008 and 2009 confirmed the presence of these walls, and also found evidence that metalworking was taking place in the northern part of the castle.  A small tower occupies the north-west angle. Related Videos. , It is possible that an early Christian monastic cell was founded on the island in the 6th or 7th century, dedicated to Donnán of Eigg, an Irish saint who was martyred on Eigg in April 617. In around 1602 Eilean Donan was the base for a sea skirmish at the narrows of Kyle Rhea led by Christopher's son Duncan. Also nicknamed Europes Most photographed castle – Eilean Donan has a vast past that is far from picture perfect. The remains of a Pictish fort were found in vitrified rock when excavations once took place on the island. Sep 3, 2014 - Lt. Col. John MacRae-Gilstrap and Isabella Mary Gilstrap. , At a later date, the island became a stronghold of the Mackenzies of Kintail, originally vassals of William I, Earl of Ross. STIRLING CASTLE. The vaulted ground floor was originally divided in two, with a stair in the north wall giving access to the first-floor hall. No castle fits the romantic Scottish mould better than Eilean Donan on the Kyle of Lochalsh. The battle was indecisive and the rising collapsed soon after.  In 1983 ownership of the castle was transferred to the Conchra Charitable Trust, established by the Macrae family to maintain and restore the castle, and a purpose-built visitor centre was opened on the landward side of the bridge in 1998.  Above this is carved the coat of arms of John Macrae-Gilstrap. Shortly thereafter the garrison departed. The basement is barrel-vaulted, and the hall is on the first floor. Eilean Donan Castle is said to be the haunt of a Spanish solider, killed either in the castle or at a nearby battle. , Small tidal island in the western Highlands of Scotland, Eilean Donan shown within Ross and Cromarty, The 13th-century curtain wall enclosed most of the island, The smaller enclosure in the 15th century, and the 16th-century buildings, Addition of the "hornwork" in the later 16th century, Following reconstruction in the 20th century, Jacobite rising and destruction of the castle, General Register Office for Scotland (28 November 2003), harvnb error: no target: CITEREFStevenson2004 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFMiers2008 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFEilean_Donan_Castle_Official_Guide1999 (, "Appendix 2: Population and households on Scotland's Inhabited Islands", Statistical Bulletin: 2011 Census: First Results on Population and Household Estimates for Scotland Release 1C (Part Two), Scotland's Census 2001 – Occasional Paper No 10: Statistics for Inhabited Islands, "The Battle of Glenshiel, 10th June 1719", "Short film meant to accompany 'Empire Strikes Back' makes a comeback", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eilean_Donan&oldid=999274795, Category A listed buildings in Highland (council area), Historic house museums in Highland (council area), Uninhabited islands of Highland (council area), Articles containing Scottish Gaelic-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 10:18.  Alexander died in about 1488 at a great age, and was succeeded by Kenneth Mackenzie, 7th of Kintail who won the Battle of Blar Na Pairce against the MacDonalds. corbelled machiocolations.  Colin Mackenzie of Kintail was created Earl of Seaforth in 1623. In the 14th or 15th century the outer wall was abandoned and a smaller enclosure built around the tower house. It is 9 miles from the Skye bridge and boasts the beautiful Eilean Donan Castle and a field of shee across the street. When a party of 30 soldiers came out from the castle to request provisions from the local people, a band of 10 men who opposed their demands met the occupiers. Very little historical evidence survives. Travel. It is, without doubt, a Scottish icon and certainly one of the most popular visitor attractions in the Highlands. A picturesque castle that frequently appears in photographs, film and television dominates the island, which lies about 1 kilometre (5⁄8 mi) from the village of Dornie. Another apparition, Lady Mary, is  The tower measured 16.5 by 12.4 m (54 ft 2 in by 40 ft 8 in), with walls 3 m (9 ft 10 in) thick. Eilean Donan Castle went through several phases of development from the earliest fortifications of the 13th century through to its destruction in 1719, and the subsequent reconstruction in the 20th century. Murdoch Murchison, minister of Kintail. Lady Mary. Eilean Donan Castle Dornie by Kyle of Lochalsh IV40 8DX.  In 2001, the island had a recorded population of just one person, but there were no "usual residents" at the time of the 2011 census. A small house was constructed within the southeast angle of the wall, with a circular stair-tower on its northern side giving access to the walkway along the eastern curtain wall. Aan het begin van de twintigste eeuw werd Eilean Donan Castle uitgebreid gerestaureerd en opengesteld voor publiek. South Highland: About 8 miles east of Kyle of Lochalsh, south of Dornie, on an island, just south of A87, on north side of Loch Duich at mouth of Loch Long, at Eilean Donan Castle. Donnán is said to have established a church on the island, though no trace of this remains. Robert the Bruce took refuge here in 1306 . In preparation 50 wrongdoers were rounded up and executed, their heads being displayed on the castle walls to Moray's approval. Robert the Bruce was sheltered here in 1306. , MacGillechriosd's son Christopher Macrae became constable of Eilean Donan in turn, and held the castle during yet another clan feud, this time between the Mackenzies and the MacDonalds of Glengarry. The ghost of one of the Spanish troops, killed either at the castle or the nearby battle, is said to haunt the castle. I think that Eilean Donan is on every single Scotland Calendar -- it is the most photographed castle in Scotland! More Scottish Castles. the Battle of Largs in 1263. , In the civil wars of the mid 17th century, the Earl of Seaforth sided with Charles I. Eilean Donan Castle is een van oorsprong dertiende-eeuws kasteel, gelegen op 0,8 kilometer afstand van Dornie, op een eiland in Loch Duich in de Schotse regio Highland.Aan het begin van de achttiende eeuw werd het kasteel opgeblazen. Driving holiday in Scotland - visit to one of the most famous castles - yes.. its the 'Highlander' castle :) Photo about Beautiful lady looking at Eilean Donan Castle during a warm summer day - Dornie, Scotland - United Kingdom. , The castle was founded in the thirteenth century, and became a stronghold of the Clan Mackenzie and their allies the Clan MacRae.  At some point in the 17th century, this elaborate access was abandoned and a more convenient entrance opened in the south wall of the hornwork.  In fact, only two people were in the castle: the recently appointed constable Iain Dubh Matheson and the warden.  The castle was the setting for the 1980 short film Black Angel, filmed to accompany screenings of The Empire Strikes Back in cinemas. Orginally, it was once the site of an Iron Age vitrified fort, built by the Picts. ‘Castle Ylen Donnan’ is marked on Blaeu’s map of the Hebrides. Eilean Donan er ei lita øy i Loch Duich vest i Highland i Skottland.Ho er landfast via ei gangbru og ligg om lag ein kilometer frå landsbyen Dornie.Eilean Donan (som tyder «øya til Donnán») er kalla opp etter Donnán av Eigg, ein keltisk helgen frå mellomalderen.Øya er dominert av eit pittoersk slott. a donjon or keep] upon a rock, with another tower compasd with a fair barmkin wall, with orchards and trees, al within ane yland of the lenth of twa pair of butts [i.e. Also recovered was a yett, an iron gate, probably installed in the east door to the bastion, but now on display inside the castle. Sadly this is also the place where she sees him for the last time. His troops destroyed much property, and stole 360 of Farquhar Macrae's cattle, though only one man was killed. Scant remains of these walls can be traced on the ground, running around the northern end of the island. In the early eighteenth century, the Mackenzies' involvement in the Jacobite rebellions led in 1719 to the castle's destruction by government ships. The chiefs of the Scottish highland Clan Mackenzie were historically known as the Mackenzies of Kintail.By tradition the Mackenzie chiefs descend from Kenneth Mackenzie, 1st of Kintail (d. 1304) however their earliest ancestor proven by contemporary evidence is Alexander Mackenzie, 6th of Kintail (d. 1488). " John Gifford, analysing the building against the Petit survey, notes a "fussy elaboration of what was probably plain originally, and an omission of decoration where it once existed", and describes the interior as "a rubbly Edwardian stage-set for life in the Middle Ages". This is one of the most picturesque and most photographed castles in the world . , The castle is regularly described as one of the most photographed monuments in Scotland, and is a recognised Scottish icon, frequently appearing on packaging and advertising for shortbread, whisky and other products. An argument broke out, which led to the garrison men being driven off with several casualties. in the 20th century. His uncle, Hector Roy Mackenzie, attempted to usurp the Mackenzie lands and installed his own constable in Eilean Donan, Malcolm Mac Ian Charrich Macrae.  Hector's lawless activities caused the Mackenzies to be branded rebels, and in 1503 the Earl of Huntly offered to deliver Eilean Donan to the king, and to hold it on his behalf. For reasons unrecorded, he fell out with Farquhar Macrae and demanded his removal from the castle. The hornwork comprises a pair of walls enclosing a triangular courtyard, linking the east wall of the castle with an irregular hexagonal (or heptagonal) structure.  Eilean Donan has made several appearances in films, beginning with Bonnie Prince Charlie in 1948 and The Master of Ballantrae in 1953. Bond film The World is Not Enough (1999), Loch Ness (1996) with Ted Danson, and the Highlander franchise. Asia Destinations.  Although the rebuilding followed the extant ground plan, the details of the present castle differ from its original appearance.  Kenneth died a few years later and was succeeded first by his eldest son, then on his death in 1497 by his second son, John of Killin, who was still a minor.  At this time the area was at the boundary of the Norse-Celtic Lordship of the Isles and the Earldom of Ross: Eilean Donan provided a strong defensive position against Norse expeditions.  A founding legend relates that the son of a chief of the Mathesons acquired the power of communicating with the birds. After attending Edinburgh University and taking holy orders, in 1618 he was appointed constable of the castle and minister of Kintail on the death of Murdoch Murchison. Tigh Tasgaidh in Dornie is The castle was captured by the Earl of Huntly in 1504, and in 1509 the MacRaes Eilean Donan Castle, a romantic castle in a beautiful spot, much photographed and long a property of the Mackenzies, near Dornie on the road to Skye in the Highlands of Alexander III gave the lands to Colin Fitzgerald, son of the Irish Earl of Desmond and Kildare, for his help in defeating King Haakon and the Norsemen at Sleeps 4 people in 2 bedrooms. , In 1539, Donald Gorm Macdonald of Sleat ravaged the lands of MacLeod of Dunvegan on Skye, and then attacked the Mackenzie lands of Kinlochewe, where Miles (Maolmure), brother of Christopher Macrae, was killed. " The naval force spent the next two days and 27 barrels of gunpowder demolishing the castle.  Christopher was succeeded as constable by the Rev. Early in the morning on Sunday 10 May 1719 HMS Worcester, HMS Flamborough and HMS Enterprise anchored off Eilean Donan and sent a boat ashore under a flag of truce to negotiate. The main entrance is up a flight of stairs from the courtyard. , In the later 16th century, the castle was extended eastward to create a bastion or "hornwork", providing a more securely defended entrance. Tel: 01599 555202 Fax: 01599 555262 Lady Mary haunts a bedroom.  In June 1654 General Monck, Oliver Cromwell's military governor in Scotland, marched through Kintail while suppressing the uprising.  John of Killin obtained a further charter of Kintail and Eilean Donan in 1509. Mackenzie clan histories relate that, although several chiefs were executed or imprisoned, Alexander, due to his youth, was instead sent to Perth to attend school. 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